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Marking the 40th Anniversary of the AIDS Epidemic ! American Physicians Look Back

List of authors.
  • Ronald Bayer, Ph.D.,
  • Gerald M. Oppenheimer, Ph.D., M.P.H.,
  • and Valentina Parisi, M.P.H.

At a time when the world is gripped by the Covid-19 pandemic, early AIDS doctors look back on 40 years of HIV/AIDS. Many of them first encountered AIDS when they were in their early 30s, and their lives have been shaped to a large extent by that earlier pandemic.

Funding and Disclosures

Disclosure forms provided by the authors are available at

This article was published on June 2, 2021, at

Author Affiliations

From the Center for the History and Ethics of Public Health, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York.

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