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Criminalization of Gender-Affirming Care ! Interfering with Essential Treatment for Transgender Children and Adolescents

List of authors.
  • Simona Martin, B.S.,
  • Elizabeth S. Sandberg, M.D.,
  • and Daniel E. Shumer, M.D., M.P.H.

Arkansas recently passed a law making it illegal for clinicians to provide gender-affirming treatment to children and adolescents with gender dysphoria. This legislation and similar bills could threaten the health, well-being, and survival of transgender young people.

Funding and Disclosures

Disclosure forms provided by the authors are available at

This article was published on May 19, 2021, at

Author Affiliations

From the University of Michigan Medical School (S.M.) and the Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, Department of Pediatrics, Michigan Medicine, University of Michigan (E.S.S., D.E.S.) ! both in Ann Arbor.

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